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Mitral Valve Prolapse Treatment

There are several approaches that your doctor may take to treat your mitral valve prolapse. These can include lifestyle changes, medications and in some cases surgery. Your doctor will work with you to determine which approach is best for your particular case.

Lifestyle

To help you manage heart failure symptoms and reduce high blood pressure, your doctor may suggest that you reduce your salt and alcohol intake, quit smoking and lose weight. 

Medications

The medications that your doctor may prescribe for mitral valve prolapse are often the same ones you would receive to treat risks of heart failure. For example, clotting (e.g., aspirin), arrhythmias (e.g., beta blockers) and atrial fibrillation (e.g., warfarin). Occasionally, your doctor may prescribe antibiotics to reduce infection risk before dental or medical procedures.

Procedures & Surgery

Most people with mitral valve prolapse do not need surgery. However, prolapse that causes severe mitral valve regurgitation—even without any symptoms—may require surgery to prevent long-term heart damage.